putaputaweta, marble leaf, bucket of water tree
Upright tree with rough, grey bark and branches spreading outward in tiers, endemic to New Zealand, occurring naturally throughout the country along damp forest margins and stream sides. Thin, usually mottled, ovate to elliptic leaves with finely toothed margins, 3-6 cm x 2-3 cm. Clusters of small white, .5 cm wide flowers in spring, followed in autumn by pea-sized, round fruits in cup-like receptacles, green initially, turning black on maturity. Carpodetus serratus has a juvenile form with tangled, zigzag, interlacing branches, and smaller, rounded leaves. Juvenile and mature growth may exist on the same tree. The tree acts as a host for the puriri moth caterpillars.
Putaputaweta is a Maori word meaning 'many wetas', referring to wetas making their homes in the holes left by larvae of the puriri moth. The name 'bucket of water' refers to the very sappy wood.
Prefers a damp, sheltered position in sun or shade, and fertile soil. Prune to maintain a good shape and remove dead wood. Tolerates -10 deg Celsius once established. Suitable for wetland planting and ok for coastal areas.
Carpodetus serratus can grow into an elegant, small tree that is completely covered with flowers in spring.
Type of plantTree - Evergreen
Size7-10 m tall
Landscape Usewetlands, specimen tree, coastal areas, bird attracting tree
- Temperature: Half hardy
- Light: Low Medium High
- Moisture: Medium High
- Soil: Medium
- Wind tolerance: Average
- Coastal tolerance: Average