lion's ear, lion's tail, wild dagga, red dagga, wild hemp, cape hemp, minaret flower
Evergreen shrub in the mint family (Lamiaceae), native to southern Africa. Flowering in late summer and autumn with bright orange, tubular flowers arranged in whorls along upright, four-angled stems. Becomes woody at the base and herbaceous elsewhere, so is more accurately specified as a sub-shrub. Opposite, densely hairy, linear leaves to 10 cm long by 2 cm wide. Is reported to have hallucinogenic and medicinal properties. Naturalised in various parts of the world, including Western Australia and New South Wales in Australia, Hawaii and California.
Prefers a position in full sun, but tolerates semi-shade. Can be grown in any soil type as long as it is well-draining. Drought-tolerant once established. Cut back to near ground level in winter to maintain a tidy habit. Tolerates moderate frosts (zones 9-11). Suitable for coastal gardens.
Striking plant when flowering with brilliant orange flowers. Good for the back of borders or sunny hot banks.
Type of plantShrub - Evergreen
Size1.5-3 m tall, 1-1.5 m wide
Landscape Useflower display, dry sites, coastal gardens
- Temperature: Half hardy
- Light: Medium High
- Moisture: Low Medium
- Soil: Light Medium Heavy
- Wind tolerance: Average
- Coastal tolerance: High